Improve Insulin Sensitivity with Hypertrhophic Training

Insulin sensitivity plays a crucial role in our body's overall health, particularly in relation to fitness and body composition. This blog post will delve into the intricate relationship between physical training and insulin sensitivity, providing a detailed guide on hypertrophic training routines designed to optimize your body's response to insulin.

Understanding Insulin Sensitivity and Its Importance

Insulin sensitivity refers to how responsive your cells are to insulin, a hormone that regulates the levels of glucose in your blood. Higher insulin sensitivity allows your body to use glucose more efficiently, which is beneficial for energy production and overall health. It's also a key factor in body recomposition, which involves altering your body's ratio of fat to muscle.

Hypertrophic Training for Improved Insulin Sensitivity

One effective method for enhancing insulin sensitivity is through hypertrophic training, a form of resistance training designed to increase muscle size. This type of training increases your body's glucose requirements, which in turn improves your insulin sensitivity.

The Hypertrophic Training Routine

A typical hypertrophic training session involves four different exercises, with three to five sets per exercise and up to twelve repetitions per set. The cadence of execution is one second for the concentric phase (muscle shortening), one second of isometry (muscle tension without movement), and two seconds for the eccentric phase (muscle lengthening).

The first set of each exercise is referred to as the "activation" or "approach" set. This set should not be overly strenuous, but it should be challenging enough to activate most of your muscle fibers. The load for this set should be within the 60-70% range of your 1RM (One Repetition Maximum) or about 12-15 reps.

The remaining sets should have a load between 70-80% of your 1RM, with approximately two minutes of rest between sets.

Hypertrophic Training Routine Example

Here's an example of a four-day hypertrophic training routine:

Day 1: Chest and Triceps

  • Barbell Bench Press: 3 sets of 8-10 reps
  • Incline Dumbbell Press: 3 sets of 8-10 reps
  • Cable Flyes: 3 sets of 12-15 reps
  • Tricep Dips: 3 sets of 8-10 reps
  • Skull Crushers: 3 sets of 10-12 reps
  • Overhead Tricep Extension with Rope: 3 sets of 12-15 reps

Day 2: Back and Biceps

  • Wide-Grip Pull-Ups: 3 sets of 8-10 reps
  • T-Bar Row: 3 sets of 8-10 reps
  • Single-Arm Dumbbell Row: 3 sets of 10-12 reps
  • EZ Bar Curl: 3 sets of 8-10 reps
  • Hammer Curls: 3 sets of 10-12 reps
  • Concentration Curls: 3 sets of 12-15 reps

Day 3: Legs and Core

  • Barbell Back Squat: 4 sets of 8-10 reps
  • Deadlifts: 3 sets of 8-10 reps
  • Walking Lunges: 3 sets of 12 reps per leg
  • Seated Leg Curl: 3 sets of 10-12 reps
  • Calf Raises: 4 sets of 12-15 reps
  • Hanging Leg Raises: 3 sets of 12-15 reps
  • Plank: 3 sets of 60 seconds

Day 4: Shoulders and Traps

  • Seated Dumbbell Press: 3 sets of 8-10 reps
  • Upright Row: 3 sets of 8-10 reps
  • Face Pulls: 3 sets of 12-15 reps
  • Side Lateral Raises: 3 sets of 12-15 reps
  • Front Dumbbell Raises: 3 sets of 10-12 reps
  • Shrugs: 3 sets of 10-12 reps

This routine covers all major muscle groups with a focus on hypertrophy, using a combination of compound and isolation exercises. Remember to adjust the weights used to match the recommended rep ranges while maintaining good form.


Physical training, particularly hypertrophic training, can significantly enhance insulin sensitivity, leading to more efficient energy use and better body composition. By incorporating a well-structured hypertrophic training routine into your fitness regimen, you can improve your insulin sensitivity and reap the associated health benefits.

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The Wellyme Team

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